The GoQBot is a soft-bodied silicon rubber robot that uses a ballistic rolling technique powered by actuators made out of shape-memory alloy coils to move crazy fast—its push-off time is under 250ms, and it spins at 300rpm. Imagine that landing on your face.

[Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, PopSci]

P.S. Keep in mind, real caterpillars are smaller, so the absolute distance is smaller too. Or to be totally precise, if a real caterpillar moved that fast and was just as big, I'd cry. A lot.