Developed by researchers at the University of Washington to replace spirometers—devices used by doctors to measure lung capacity and diagnose respiratory conditions—SpiroSmart is a simple app that costs thousands of dollars less than dedicated hardware. So it's affordable and easy to use by patients who can monitor their conditions at home by simply exhaling on their phones.
A spirometer can measure how badly your asthma, etc., is affecting your airways by simply measuring the speed and volume of air as you blow into a tube.
But SpiroSmart takes a different approach to avoid the need for extra hardware. The researchers modeled a human trachea and vocal tract and used that to generate an algorithm which can analyze the sound of someone's breath as it resonates inside their lungs. The sound and resonance changes as the flow of air is restricted, and the app is able to detect this, providing a doctor with everything they'd need to know to make a diagnosis. Surprisingly, the app, which could be given away for free, is just as accurate as dedicated spirometers. And patients don't have to push themselves to the point of exhaustion just to get an accurate reading. [Ubiquitous Computing Lab - University of Washington via Medgadget]