You don't even need a flashlight to look for cave paintings in the dark: you just need the sound of your own voice. By listening to echoes as they walk through Spanish caves, acoustic archaeologists are unlocking the secrets of underground soundscapes.
Were Europe's first artists Neandertals? An international team of archaeologists says it's a strong possibility. Improved dating techniques have revealed that the practice of cave painting began at least 40,800 years ago, around the same time that modern humans arrived in Europe.
When the first American settlers took up the practice of cave art, they made sure to depict themselves as being well-endowed. Archaeologists call the rock-carving you see here — a stick figure with a penis the size of its arm — "the little horny man." And while it's definitely an amusing name, it's also compelling…
The amazing inscriptions on ancient cave walls represent some of humanity's first known creative work, but it wasn't just master artists who were allowed to paint. Kids as young as two or three were cave-painting 13,000 years ago.