Aboriginal people settled Australia’s hot, dry interior at least 10,000 years earlier than previously thought, according to new archaeological evidence unearthed from an ancient rock shelter. It’s a remarkable discovery that points to a level of technological sophistication previously unknown to exist in Australia or…
Humans have been fighting each other for thousands of years, but our ancestors had to worry about all sorts of savage killers. As an ancient, heavily gnawed femur bone highlights, we weren’t always at the top of the food chain.
The coldest case ever? The discovery of a 430,000-year-old skull in Spain’s “Pit of Bones” may offer “the earliest evidence of lethal interpersonal violence,” a.k.a. murder. Pieced together from 50 fragments, the skull has two lesions above one eye, implying a series of blows and “an intention to kill.”
Behold the amazing megafauna that roamed the Americas over 15 thousand years ago. There's a family of mastodons, some American horses (yes, they evolved in the Americas!), and even a curious tapir.
Just 11,500 years ago, coyotes were about 1.5 times as big as they are today. By 10,000 years ago, they had shrunk to their current proportions. What could have made these predators get so much smaller, so quickly?
The most recent ice age was dominated by gigantic mammals like the mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, and saber-tooth cat. But there's an evolutionary mystery here. How did these animals enter the ice age already perfectly adapted for such brutally cold climates?
This pleasant-looking fellow is diprotodon optatum, a giant marsupial that lived in Australia for millions of years. We've now discovered the first complete skeleton of this marsupial, proving the only things more bizarre than Australian animals are ancient Australian animals.
Jeff and Andrea wanted to do it right. Be authentic. They got their hands and legs modified right before Solstice, and set out for the Pleistocene preserve soon after. By the time they arrived, Jeff could already walk on his knuckles.
Tens of thousands of years ago, the caves of central Europe were full of two species: the aptly named cave bears and cave lions. Even bigger than their modern counterparts, these ancient monsters were locked in deadly battle for survival.
Over eleven millennia ago, a group of early Americans built a roomy summer home along the shores of the Upward Sun River in central Alaska. They fished, hunted small game, and ate dinners of meat and vegetables cooked over a large fire at the center of their house. Anthropologists who discovered the remains of the…
These 100,000-year-old footprints were left by a giant wombat, one species of megafauna among many that once roamed Australia. Now artists have created portraits of these lost megafauna for National Geographic, and you can see some below.
In the Oostvaardersplassen, a wildlife preserve in the Netherlands, the Pleistocene lives again. Herds of wild horses and cattle roam the region, just as they might have - along with woolly mammoths - 20 thousand years ago.