It's widely assumed that the ideas for both Apple's and Microsoft's GUI-based operating systems were heavily lifted from research done at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, or PARC. And this clip from 1972, showing off Xerox's Alto desktop computer, all but proves the company was years ahead of its time.
Much has been written about Xerox PARC, its legendary R&D legacy, and its inability to make money off their groundbreaking innovations. But what many people don't know is that 10 years ago, it launched a new plan to turn research into dollars. This printed memory/logic circuit is the first fruit of the new plan.