Researchers working in Africa have uncovered 3.8 million-year-old protein fragments encased in an ostrich eggshell. These biological building blocks are millions of years older than the oldest DNA ever found, highlighting the possibility of recovering ancient proteins from extinct animals—and even the remains of early…
For the first time, paleontologists have isolated original blood vessels from a dinosaur. You’re looking at the tattered fragments of the structures that channeled blood through the legs of Brachylophosaurus canadensis, a 30-foot-long hadrosaur that roamed Montana 80 million years ago.
When you're in severe pain, it swallows up your entire world. But the neurological process of feeling pain comes down to just a few neurochemical pathways. Now, scientists are unraveling the mystery of the chemistry underlying our "pain sensor," and one day this could ease our suffering.
The black Périgord truffle, revered among foodies for its unique scent, has become so rare that it sells for $900 per pound. But not for long. A team of chemists have begun to reverse engineer the secret of its rare scent, and could one day flood the gourmet market with cheap replacement proteins.
Calcium is everywhere in your body, not just your bones and teeth. In fact, this mineral is crucial to countless biological processes, from regulating your hormones to aiding muscle function. And when you don't have enough of it, the results can be disastrous.
The atoms of proteins move around in incredibly complicated ways, but modeling how all those moving parts fit together is vital to understanding biology. Now, thanks to a supercomputer, you can see every step of the process right here.
While it is popularly believed that evolution occurs through mutations in DNA, that's simply not true. Now scientists have more evidence that evolution functions even among proteins that have no DNA.
Every time your cells divide, the "telomeres," or caps on the ends of your chromosomes, get a little shorter. Elderly creatures begin to suffer diseases of old age partly because their telomeres have become so short, and cellular division becomes difficult and error-prone. That's why telomeres are the subject of…