How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

Back in November, I caught Brian from Studio 33 setting up the outdoor ice skating rink in Folsom.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

His crew was painstakingly inspecting a series of tubes moments before they began filling it up with liquid refrigerant. They are on their knees on the right hand side of this photo.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

Here comes the red propylene glycol.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

I asked him some questions about the engineering involved. I didn't realize that the rink was a rare configuration, a circle. Typically skating rinks are long ovals, allowing some dead space, center ice, for experienced skaters to try their leaps and spins. The circle meant that he'd had to re-configure the typical plumbing layout used on outdoor, artificial ice rinks.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

These white spacers kept the tubes apart and kept them from resting on the surface plastic.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

The ice was to be kept frozen with very cold liquid flowing inside the tubes. There was 40,000 ft of tubing in the rink, filled with 1,620 gallons of water mixed with propylene glycol to a 35% solution. These were the numbers off of the top of his head, but 5 ounces per foot of tube sounds about right to me.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

The rink space had been prepared with ducting which ran under the ring of the rink.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

One of these 8" tubes was the path from the truck, one was the path back to the truck.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

The ice rink is supported by two large motors mounted on trucks. One is the pump, and one is the freezer. The pump pushes the coolant around the tubing at about 70 gallons per minute. That means that the entire volume of coolant can be recirculated every 23 minutes. The cooler is set to keep the fluid between 14°F and 22°F.

One of the engines is a 275 amp, three phase motor. I think this figure was for the compressor for the freezer, but it might be the pump.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

Soon afterwards, the cooler was running, and the surface of the orange tubes started to collect condensation and freeze it. I snapped these photos days afterwards, so I don't know how long it took for them to freeze up.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

The ice rink in operation, on a Monday afternoon.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

Here is a side view from outside the rink. The ice looked about five inches thick, but some of that is probably a layer of styrofoam insulation. The ice has to be thick enough to support a small Zamboni, one of those ice-smoothing tractors.

How Ice Skating Rinks Are Made

It was a fairly simple concept—just in a grand scale. It worked well!

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Image: Flickr/Brian Danger Hicks


This post was originally published on Cockeyed.com's Science Club, created by Rob Cockerham who has worked doing internet tech support for MCI, as a graphic designer for iConvention, for Blue Moon Printing, EDS, and Hewlett Packard. His latest job is at Intel.You canfollow Cockeyed.com on Twitter here or like his Facebook page here.

This post has been republished with permission from Rob Cockerham.