The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline

It's been seven days in hell. Here is the timeline to the crisis caused by the 9.0 magnitude earthquake in Japan—constantly updated. It includes all the news and features ordered chronologically, as well as the latest videos and images. Keep reading...

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS

Reactors | Japan raises nuclear alert level to 5, may have to bury reactors in sand and concrete.
Reactors | Think tank says pouring water on reactor 4 may be effective.
Food | Government orders radioactivity tests for all foods.
Reactors | Military helicopters finally dump seawater on over-heating reactors.
Electronics | Earthquake aftermath may cause iPad 2 supply issues.
Internet | US Military bans YouTube, Amazon and 11 other websites to free up bandwidth for Japan crisis.
People | A Japanese student in the U.S. finds out her family is safe via YouTube.
People | How Japanese are explaining the nuclear crisis to kids.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline
The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline
The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
14:46-14:51 Japan Standard Time (GMT+9)

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineA magnitude 9.0 earthquake strikes near the northeast coast of Japan at a depth of 15.2 miles. The epicenter is 231 miles from Tokyo. It's the fifth largest quake ever recorded and the largest ever to hit Japan.
Tsunami alert through the Pacific.
Fukushima Daiichi reactors start emergency shut down and cooling operations.

15:12 JST

6.8 m (22 ft) Tsunami hits the first Japanese city of Iwate Kamaishi-oki.

15:15 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline7.4 magnitude aftershock hits Japan.
• Tsunami starts reaching other Japanese towns: Ofunato and following with Ishinomaki-shi Ayukawa, Kamaishi, Miyako, Erimo-cho Shoya, Soma. Here's a terrifying video recorded at street level in Kesennuma, showing the water taking cars, ships and entire buildings away.

16:45 JST

• Diesel generators supporting the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant emergency refrigeration systems shut down after tsunami hits.

19:49 JST

• NHK releases video of a giant whirlpool off the Japanese coast.

20:15 JST

• Japanese government declares first emergency at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.

21:34 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline• Tokyo Electric Power Company confirms that reactor water levels are falling following the failure of the diesel generators.
• TEPCO tries to avert fuel rod exposure by restoring power to its emergency power system and pumping water inside the reactors.
• Four nuclear plants near the earthquake's epicenter are shut down.

22:48 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline• First official casualty number revealed: Police reports 200 to 300 bodies in Sendai. 60,000 to 70,000 city residents are evacuated to shelters.
• All cooling systems at Fukushima nuclear report are reported not working. Authorities say they are "bracing for the worst."
• The tip of the Tokyo Tower is bent.

23:53 JST

• A fire at the Onagawa nuclear plant is extinguished with no further consequences.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
00:40 JST

• United States start sending help to Japan. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says the United States has transported coolant to Fukushima.
• As if the tsunami weren't enough, a damn dam breaks in Fukushima prefecture, washing away scores of homes.

09:00 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineEvacuation because of nuclear risk begins: Residents within 10 kilometers are being evacuated out of area.
• People within three kilometers are examined for contamination.
• TEPCO prepares controlled release of steam to lower the pressure of reactor 1 and avoid explosions.

06:45 JST

Radiation spikes to 1,000 times the normal level in the reactor 1 control room.

15:40 JST

First explosion happens at Fukushima Daiichi. The reactor 3 suffers a major blast caused by hydrogen gas injuring four people and blowing the roof of the external containment structure on reactor 1. Radioactive leak reported.
Evacuation zone increases from 10km to 20km (12 miles).
Iodine tablets distribution—to counteract the radiation exposure—begins.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
03:20 JST

• Three people (selected at random out of 90) test positive for radiation exposure in Fukushima prefecture.

05:15 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineUSS Ronald Reagan Carrier Strike Group, from the US Navy Seventh Fleet, arrives to the east coast of Honshu, sends several H-60 helicopters to rescue people and deliver supplies.
• 18 hours later, US Navy repositions ships after detecting radioactive winds—sailors receive one month of radiation in one day.

07:00 JST

• At this point, 185,000 residents have been evacuated from the area surrounding the Fukushima power plant.

21:35 JST

• The radiation levels at the front gate of the power plant were found to be 760 microsieverts at 21:35; 3,130 microsieverts at 21:37; and back to 400 microsieverts by 22:15 as radioactive particles start to dissipate.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
07:00 JST

Radioactivity now detected as far as Yokosuka, a few kilometers south of Tokyo.

11:15 JST

• A second explosion—felt 25 miles from the Fukushima nuclear plant—destroys the outer building of reactor 3.
• Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano says that they think the strong blast hasn't damaged the inner containment vessel but they can't check it out because of the very high temperatures in the building.
• Seven employees are initially missing.
• The Tokyo Power Company later says that six people are injured.

21:00 JST

Fuel rods in reactor 2 are now fully exposed after total loss of water in the inner containment vessel. At this point, they start injecting sea water.

23:20 JST

• Fuel rods are exposed again after water stops flowing because of a human error: Someone accidentally turns off the air flow gauge, which stops the sea water from getting inside the unit.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
06:00 JST

Fire starts in reactor 4, in the spent fuel pond.

06:14 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineAn explosion is heard on reactor 2. Potential damage to the pressure-suppression system at containment vessel's bottom.
Radiation levels go beyond legal limit.
All workers except a group of 50 are evacuated from the plant. They are mostly retired workers who have less chance of developing cancer over time.

12:00 JST

• Fire in reactor 4's spent fuel pool is extinguished. According to the IAEA, the fire has released "radioactivity directly into the atmosphere."
• Water in the the reactor 4 fuel pool is boiling.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
05:45 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineFire reported in the reactor 4 building.
• TEPCO says that it's possible that that rods could reach critical mass and start a chain reaction that would release massive radiation to the atmosphere.
• Chernobyl veteran Iouli Andreev slams the Japanese government, TEPCO and the IAEA for their bad practices.

08:30 JST

70% nuclear rods are damaged on reactor 1; 33% are damaged on reactor 2. Japanese government believes that there has been a partial meltdown in the cores.

10:01 JST

The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline• White radioactive smoke starts venting from Reactor 3 inner containment unit.
• One hour later, radiation level increases sharply to 3391 microsievert per hour.
• 30 minutes later, TEPCO fears a nuclear vessel breach and all workers evacuated from reactor buildings, but not from plant grounds-they return almost one hour later.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
04:00 JST

• United States, Britain and other governments around the world expand the evacuation zone beyond Japan's own: 80km (50 miles) from Fukushima nuclear plant.
• Adding to the alarms sounded by the European Union and the French nuclear agency, US Nuclear Regulatory Commissioner Gregory Jaczko expresses deep concern as radiation reaches lethal levels due to the reactor 4's pool.

09:48 JST

Military helicopters begin to spray sea water on the reactors.
• Electronic industry analysts say the disaster will likely affect consumer electronic manufacturing, including the iPad 2.

16:00 JST

Radiation levels begin to drop sightly. Edano says that it is now 1.5 millisieverts per hour at the gate and says smoke is not escaping from the reactor 3's containment vessel but its storage pool.

20:09 JST

• 30 tons of water have been sprayed on reactor 3 using water cannons.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
04:33 JST

• Reactor number 2 is now connected to the external power grid. This opens the possibility for the Emergency Core Cooling System and Residual Heat Removal pumps to resume operations.

18:40 JST

IAEA raises nuclear event alert level to 5.

The Definitive Japan Crisis TimelineS
The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline
The Definitive Japan Crisis Timeline

Not all donations reach Japan. Here's a list of charities that actually do.