At Arm's Length: This photo of the Andromeda galaxy was the overall winner of this year's contest. 

Flee Earth With Winning Images From the 2020 Astronomy Photographer of Year Competition

At Arm's Length: This photo of the Andromeda galaxy was the overall winner of this year's contest. 
Image: Nicolas Lefaudeux (France)

The prestigious Insight Investment Astronomy Photographer of the Year competition has announced the winning photos of its 2020 contest. From galaxies and star-forming nebulae through to planets, aurorae, and annoying satellite trails, these photos remind us that Earth is but a peculiar speck in the vastness of space.

This is the 12th running of the photo contest, which is managed by Royal Observatory Greenwich in association with BBC Sky at Night Magazine and Insight Investment. For this year’s contest, judges had to pore over and shortlist 5,000 entries gathered from six continents.

French photographer Nicolas Lefaudeux’s stunning picture of the Andromeda galaxy (pictured up top) earned him the overall top prize of £10,000 ($12,860). Lefaudeux’s composition makes it appear as if the Andromeda galaxy—the closest galaxy to our own—is at arm’s length, even though it’s 2 million light-years away. The photographer created this tilt-shift effect by 3D-printing a part that held the camera at a key angle, while the blurring effect was created by a defocusing the outer edges of the photo.

The Green Lady

Winning image for the Aurorae category.
Winning image for the Aurorae category.
Image: Nicholas Roemmelt (Germany)

These Northern Lights, captured in Norway by German photographer Nicholas Roemmelt, blaze in green, blue, and pink, revealing a hidden figure.

Tycho Crater Region with Colours

Winning image for the Our Moon category.
Winning image for the Our Moon category.
Image: Alain Paillou (France)

The hidden colors of Tycho crater on the Moon are revealed in this vivid composite photo taken by Alain Paillou. The colors of the soil, though faint to the unaided eye, are produced by metallic oxides embedded within small balls of glass strewn across the lunar surface. Blue areas are rich in titanium oxide, while the red areas are high in iron oxide.

Liquid Sunshine

Winner of the Our Sun category.
Winner of the Our Sun category.
Image: Alexandra Hart (UK)

This incredibly detailed view of the Sun’s surface, seen during its solar minimum, was captured by UK photographer Alexandra Hart. Each of those convection cells seen in the photo measure around 600 miles (1,000 km) across.

The Prison of Technology

Winning image for the People and Space category.
Winning image for the People and Space category.
Image: Rafael Schmall (Hungary)

This image, captured by Rafael Schmall, is a perfect—though unfortunate—example of how satellites are increasingly making it difficult for photographers and astronomers to gaze upon an unobstructed sky. Here, the Albireo double star sits behind a set of satellite trails, which appear when taking long-exposure photographs.

Painting the Sky

Winner of the Skyscapes category.
Winner of the Skyscapes category.
Image: Thomas Kast (Germany

The polar night, as seen by photographer Thomas Kast in Finnish Lapland. This unreal skyscape looks like something right out of a Monet painting, but the dramatic effect is produced by polar stratospheric clouds. Ironically, Kast was actually looking to photograph clear skies at night when this incredible view suddenly appeared.

Space Between Us

Winner of the Planets, Comets, and Asteroids category.
Winner of the Planets, Comets, and Asteroids category.
Image: Łukasz Sujka (Poland)

Polish photographer Łukasz Sujka snapped this unusually close alignment of Jupiter and the Moon on October 31, 2019. Sujka said he “wanted to show the huge emptiness and the size of space, which is why there is a lot of ‘nothing’ between the two major parts of the image,” as he said in a press release.

Cosmic Inferno

Winner of the Stars and Nebulae category.
Winner of the Stars and Nebulae category.
Image: Peter Ward (Australia)

A unique false-color view of NGC 3576, in which the stars have been removed from this nebula by the photographer, Peter Ward. The point of this exercise was to emulate images taken of the Australian wildfires in 2019 and 2020.

The Four Planets and the Moon

Winner of the Young Competition category.
Winner of the Young Competition category.
Image: Alice Fock Hang (Reunion

Alice Fock Hang, age 11, won top prize for the Young Competition category. Her stunning photo shows the Moon, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter, Saturn, and several prominent stars above the Indian Ocean, including Alpha Centauri on far left and Antares parked in front of the Milky Way galaxy.

Waves

Winner of Best Newcomer category.
Winner of Best Newcomer category.
Image: Bence Toth (Hungary

A remarkable view of the California Nebula, or NGC 1499, in which photographer Bence Toth strove to preserve the original colors of this star-forming region to the greatest extent possible.

NGC 3628 with 300,000 Light-Year-Long Tail

Runner up in the Galaxies category.
Runner up in the Galaxies category.
Image: Mark Hanson (USA)

It took photographer Mark Hanson five years to produce this stunning image of galaxy NGC 3628, with most exposures acquired in 2019. The purpose of this mosaic image, and the primary challenge, was to show the galaxy’s colossal tail, which measures 300,000 light-years in length.

AZURE Vapor Tracers

A Highly Commended image from the People and Space category.
A Highly Commended image from the People and Space category.
Image: Yang Sutie (China)

This isn’t an alien invasion, but it’s not a wholly natural occurrence, either. This sight, photographed by Yang Sutie in Arctic Norway, captures the bright remnants of the Auroral Zone Upwelling Rocket Experiment (AZURE), in which rockets launched from the Andøya Space Centre dispersed gas tracers to probe winds in Earth’s upper atmosphere.

All winning entries will be showcased at the National Maritime Museum starting on October 23, 2020.

George is a senior staff reporter at Gizmodo.

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