France Announces Plan to Launch Satellites With Defensive Lasers, Possibly Submachine Guns

French defense minister Florence Parly touring Suffren, a nuclear-powered submarine, in Cherbourg in July 2019.
French defense minister Florence Parly touring Suffren, a nuclear-powered submarine, in Cherbourg in July 2019.
Photo: Ludovic Marin (AP)

An inventor buzzing around on a flyboard clutching a rifle and subsequently borking an attempt to cross the English Channel isn’t the only mildly science fiction-y development concerning the French military lately. In the past week, French Defense Minister Florence Parly said that the country would launch miniature surveillance satellites brimming with defensive weaponry in the next few years, with options including spacecraft-mounted lasers and submachine guns under consideration, according to French newspaper Le Point (via Task & Purpose).


According to Le Point, the project will initially reallocate $780 million in additional funding to France’s existing $4 billion space budget from 2021-2025 and involve 220 soldiers from various French military space agencies. The plan is to have the operation based out of a new airfield in Toulouse by 2025, with Parly saying that the project “will not be a fantasy, it will be a credible ambition.”

French President Emmanuel Macron first announced that the nation would be creating its own space force tasked with defending satellites in mid-July, though a Reuters report made no mention of space-based weapons systems. Parly has proposed amending French law on space operations to allow the Ministry of Armed Forces more freedom to act under the supervision of the National Centre for Space Study and said she wanted patrol satellites in orbit by 2023, according to Task & Purpose. To start, the next generation of France’s Syracuse satellites will be equipped with cameras to watch for potential threats, but would later be joined by ones with weapons and that could be launched in large numbers on short notice—which the plan calls to be in the skies by 2030.

Parly said the technology would be used for defensive aims, not offense.

“If our satellites are threatened, we will consider blinding those of our opponents,” the minister told reporters, according to Task & Purpose. “This may involve the use of power lasers deployed from our satellites or from our patrol nano-satellites.” There was also mention of “submachine guns capable of breaking solar panels” on hostile spacecraft, the site wrote.

“Active defense is not an offensive strategy; it’s self-defense,” Parly added. “It is, when a hostile act has been identified as such, acceptable within the confines of international law to be able to respond in an appropriate and proportionate manner. The law does not exempt self-defense, does not prohibit militarization, nor does it prevent weaponization.”

Additional measures under consideration by France and prompted by an alleged Russian attempt in 2017 to hack into its Athena-Fidus communications satellite could include increased space surveillance and specialized training facilities, Task & Purpose wrote:

This could take the form of the development of a telescope network, the use of a geotracker network, the exploration of “satellite imaging radar capabilities”, equipping satellites with cameras, or testing a very long-range radar detector.

As part of the new program, Parly also alluded to a “space campus” and a “space academy” for promoting space careers.


The U.S. under Donald Trump has begun to form its own Space Force, though rather than an independent branch of the military it will be overseen by the Air Force. Advocates of the move say that the U.S. military needs more focus on space as Russia and China develop anti-satellite weaponry, according to the New York Times, though Union of Concerned Scientists senior scientist Laura Grego told the paper that “If concentrating authority in a Space Force creates an incentive for nations to build space weapons that increase the likelihood of conflict, it would be a profoundly bad idea.”

[Le Point via Task & Purpose]


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Submachine guns would be incredibly stupid. The idea behind a submachine gun is to lay down small caliber automatic fire, but in space the firing of a gun would create enough kickback that would send the satellite spinning, causing it to, at the least, cease to be accurate in firing further bullets and possibly causing it spin off firing in random directions. If you were going to use any sort of traditional gun in space, you’d probably want to use something similar to a shotgun; in space there’s no atmosphere to slow down the pellets and the wide spread of fire should shred any other nearby satellites. If you want to be more precise, you’d want a semi-automatic gun with low power (satellites are fairly delicate and there’s no atmosphere to slow the bullet) and high accuracy, maybe a hunting rifle for example.

All of that above ignores the fact that actually hitting anything with the gun, whether it was a precise laser or the moronic submachine gun, is incredibly difficult. You have to remember, satellites are spinning around the Earth at incredible speed, so it’s not like this satellite could get up close to another satellite and blast it; you would have to do complex math and fire literally into the dark to hope to hit anything. Not only that, but with how delicate and difficult it can be to position satellites using a gun would most likely send the satellite careening out of its orbit, either too close to the Earth (resulting in fiery re-entry) or too far away, resulting in it slowly drifting away from the planet. There’s no way anyone with a modicum of scientific knowledge was consulted before this idea was cooked up.