Ominous New Art Exhibit Shows Coral Reefs Transformed by Trash

Coral art but with trash.
Screenshot: “Unexpected Growth” app

Corals are some of the most stunning organisms to have graced the planet, but they’re almost incredibly threatened. Now, an artist has re-created their bright colors and squiggly formations in a manner that’s ominously appropriate for the 21st century: with plastic garbage.


Opening to the public Friday at the Whitney Museum in New York City, Unexpected Growth displays “corals” made up of trash that typically lands in our oceans: blue plastic bottles, green disposable cutlery, red plastic straws, and even yellow rubber duckies. Visitors use their smartphones or available iPads to peep the immersive project, which runs on an augmented reality app. It’s part of a new exhibition debuting at the museum—Programmed: Rules, Codes, and Choreographies in Artall of which relies on some sort of programming, from codes that run hundreds of TV screens to others simulating childrens’ voices or lighting up LED lights.

This coral project, created by artist Tamiko Thiel, runs on an algorithmic program that has been used to model plant growth. For the project, Thiel plugged everything from pink flip-flops to “bottle bushes,” as she describes clusters of plastic bottles, into a model to build out the artificial reefs.

The trash making up the reefs is subtle. A viewer might easily think the organisms swaying in the water on their screens are normal, vibrant corals. Upon closer inspection, however, the polyps and their skeleton formations are strange and a little, well, gross. The piece should invoke contradictory feelings of “delight and disgust,” Thiel told me as we spoke during a press preview Wednesday.

Plastic pollution is causing disaster in our oceans and on our planet. Thiel has been creating art on this topic since at least 2012. For her, the subject is growing more and more urgent, and she hopes this latest piece conveys that.

“We’re spreading our garbage over the entire world,” she said.

Her piece goes beyond just the issue of waste, though. It also touches on global warming, which drives coral bleaching, where corals expel the algae that provide them with food, turn white and begin to starve. The plastic corals Thiel has created will bleach depending on the number of people who log into the app to view them, a feature which is meant to show the pressure corals are facing on our behalf.

The regular corals (left) versus the bleached corals (right)
The regular corals (left) versus the bleached corals (right)
Screenshot: Courtesy of the Whitney Museum

“If you come to the Whitney at 10:30 in the morning, everything will be brilliantly colored,” she said. “As more people view it, it’ll slowly bleach, and the people who come by the end of the day will see only white corals.”


Thiel wants viewers to see the dramatic change happening in reefs virtually, since so few get to witness these changes happening in real life in our oceans. Corals are becoming more and more threatened by both plastic pollution and climate change. Some expect a significant fraction of the world’s corals to have died by 2050.

The outdoor screen where visitors can get a sense of the full piece, from bleached to non-bleached, as is shown above.
The outdoor screen where visitors can get a sense of the full piece, from bleached to non-bleached, as is shown above.
Photo: Yessenia Funes (Gizmodo Media Group)

“You do not in the course of your daily life run into a coral reef,” Thiel said. “Just as augmented reality is invisible to the naked eye, the effects of global warming on coral reefs are also invisible to the naked eye if you don’t happen to actually look into the water.”

For those of us who don’t have the luxury of reefs nearby, we can now look through our phones at the dystopian world we’ve created, instead.


Unexpected Growth will be on display at the Whitney Museum in New York City until April 14, 2019. However, anyone downloading the “Unexpected Growth” app can see the corals any time any place.

Yessenia Funes is climate editor at Atmos Magazine. She loves Earther forever.


Dense non aqueous phase liquid

Man, just tell those artsy fartsy NYC folks to put down the smartphone and drive down to Florida and see for themselves what dumping around 2.5 million old tires into the sea will do to coral growth. No need for “algorithms” that kurious kidz krave. It’s right fucking there. To see.

The Osborne Tire Reef

Waste management and environmental remediation businesses tried cool business plans like, “move fast and break things” and “disruption” and “libertarianism” back before EPA came around. Then later developed laws of remediation. First law, “don’t make the problem worse.” Second law, “don’t oversell some untested dumbass hairbrained solution.” There’s others. Maybe those aren’t laws but regs.

I believe one of our esteemed Big Green groups (and equally esteemed NYC banking syndicates) thought they’d give thirdway private sector esque biosolids management solutions a try for Chicago’s Greater Metropolitan Water Reclamation District. Soon into the program, downstate Illinois and Indiana farmers had just about enough of Chicago’s shit. And under-processed feminine hygiene products, too.

I guess that’s better than NYC metro dumping their shit into the Atlantic up until about the mid 1990s.

Fun fact: NYC metro spends about $3 billion per year just getting its trash out of NYC and into some other poor state’s dump. Have artists ride along in a garbage truck and then ride along in the semi from the local transfer station to the dump, somewhere in PA, IN, SC, ETC.