The iPad Education Revolution Stalls Out

Illustration for article titled The iPad Education Revolution Stalls Out

Yesterday, the Los Angeles Times reported that its sprawling hometown's school system, the second largest in the US, would be withdrawing from last year's ambitious promise to supply all 640,000 students with an iPad. Good. The Los Angeles United School District just dodged a $1 billion, tablet-shaped bullet.

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When the iPad premiered four years ago, it brought with it the attractive idea that all our heavy, egregiously expensive textbooks would soon be digitized in 1.5 lb tablet. Quickly, schools began adopting the platform, even in its nascent, first-generation phase (which is almost always a terrible idea). In 2012, Apple pushed even more aggressively into classrooms with a suite of iPad-focused education tools. By the end of 2013, Apple the company had sold 7 million iPads to schools and universities.

But tablets aren't the PC slayers we thought they'd be, and laptops—specifically Google Chromebooks—are offering a cheap, cloud-collaborative solution for students. Even more importantly, they come with a keyboard. Feel like typing a ten-page research paper on an iPad? Yeah, me neither. Tablets are just not the best be-all-end-all solution to foist upon students, especially in such massive districts like LA, where every school faces its own unique set of challenges.

LA's program has been pockmarked with problems from the beginning. 2,100 iPads were recalled last September when students hacked the device, and earlier this summer the district said it was going to switch up its digital offering by allowing students to choose from six different Windows and Chromebook options.

A recent article by the Atlantic details the digital battlefield playing out in schools across the US. The piece focuses primarily on the Hillsborough district in New Jersey and its transition from Apple to Google. The benefits are both practical and psychological. Students are able to collaborate more easily in the cloud using Google's app suite, and where iPads are seen as devices made for watching movies and playing games (which are particularly un-scholarly activities), students see a laptop as a place to "get to work," according to the article.

It's not that Chromebooks are unimpeachable. While Google flaunts its education app's 30 million subscribers, its platform isn't without its flaws. NPR mentions teachers' concerns about assuming all students have reliable Wi-Fi access (necessary for effective Chromebooking), growing privacy issues considering Google's less-than-sterling reputation, and staff training costs to acquaint teachers with Google's constantly evolving education tools. Google's addressing at least one of those issues by making its services more kid-friendly and offering more effective opt-in requirements per COPPA's (Children's Online Privacy Protection) updated rules.

All this isn't to say that tablets don't have a place in education. An iPad or Android tab's potential as a companion device, whether for better group collaboration or lighter backpacks, is impossible to ignore. The Atlantic mentions Hillsborough's effort, in partnership with Google, to offer tablets in addition to Chromebooks, or laptop-hybrids. But this seems like an education utopia, an envious "why not both?" scenario that may not be fiscally possible for all school districts.

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Meanwhile, it's clear why Google and Apple want to be in schools; the battle over the classroom is a battle to indoctrinate young users into their respective ecosystems. If you're literally raised to use Google Drive or iCloud, the chance of changing your productive habits in college and beyond are probably slim.

Four years after the iPad's debut and the digital classroom is still in transition. Recent trials, pilot programs, and adoption of other devices and services means that how we educate kids isn't a one-device-fits-all solution, but it is a question US schools need to get right. Because getting it wrong will cost a lot more than just money.

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Image by Tom Wang/Shutterstock

DISCUSSION

shadowboxin
Shadowboxin

What I see as the biggest problem(s) is well two fold.

1st and foremost, many districts throw the tablet or laptop at schools without any idea of how to integrate their use into curriculum and vice versa. This is also done with little IT support within schools and little up-front and on going professional development for the teachers.

2nd was seeing the ipad and tablets as a one off, take it and go home device. Which should be a laptop. There should never have been an ipad for every child, but laptops make sense and have had an impact where implemented properly (see, proper professional development, curriculum support & IT support). Tablets would be best used in a classroom for group work and even individual activities. As stated in this article, it is an add on and not a one off device.

District & state administrators (where many educational problems lay upon, not the teachers) were sold this idea by tech companies that have minimal understanding if education. Which is the biggest fault in many of these tech companies. They want to help and the people they bring on board have a strong IT background but minimal educational and curriculum implementation/development background.