21 February 2013 - Getting ready for his six-month stay on the International Space Station, ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano from Italy had an important task yesterday Ā­ā€“ testing some of the best Italian cuisine that he will eat in Earth orbit, including the first lasagne to be sent to space.

This is how it is made:

To prepare some special dishes for Luca, five-star chef David Scabin cooked up some classic recipes that were made spaceworthy by Turin-based company Argotec. Luca and his colleagues can feast on aubergine parmigiana, mushroom and pesto risotto and caponata, with tiramisu for dessert. The food is dehydrated by a special process to preserve flavour before being stored in aluminium bags to withstand launch vibrations.

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And I did not know that astronauts cannot consume salty food:

The final meal can be kept for up to 36 months and is free of salt. It has been found that salt can be harmful to astronautsā€™ bones while in space.

The 5-dish Space Food menu as requested by the European Space Agency and developed by Davide Scabin, an Italian chef who was given stars by the Michelin Guide:

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Source: ESA