The Way Boa Constrictors Kill Is Even Creepier Than We Thought

Illustration for article titled The Way Boa Constrictors Kill Is Even Creepier Than We Thought

Death by suffocation is nightmarish enough, but boa constrictors do something even more sinister: They cut off your blood supply.

That’s the horrifying new discovery of Scott Boback from Dickinson College, whose latest research shows that the powerful squeeze of a boa constrictor halts blood and oxygen flow to the brain within seconds, rendering the victim useless as its organs slowly shut down. The findings, published this week in the Journal of Experimental Biology, may help explain why boa constrictors are sometimes able to take on prey much larger than themselves.

After spending years watching boas kill their prey, Boback began to doubt the long-held assumption that crushing snakes kill by simple suffocation. Caught in the grip of a boa constrictor’s coils, prey animals tend to die very, very quickly. And they’re often gasping for air right up until the end.

Advertisement

To find out what else could be going on, Boback and his colleagues sedated a bunch of live rats, inserted ECG electrodes and blood pressure catheters into their bodies, and watched boas devour them (you know, because science!). As the blood pressure and heart rate data streamed in, the team was astounded to discover that circulation shut down within seconds.

“‘I remember being in the room and the students were looking at the data in disbelief that it happened that fast,” Boback said. “We could see the arterial pressure go down, the venous pressure go up and we could see this right when the snake was doing it [squeezing].”

Many animals (humans included) can survive a surprisingly long time without breathing. But—as boas have cleverly discovered through evolution — not so much without a heartbeat.

[Science News]


Contact the author at maddie.stone@gizmodo.com or follow her on Twitter.

Top image: Red tailed boa, via Steve Slater / Flickr

Advertisement

Share This Story

Get our newsletter

DISCUSSION

mylifeisacomplicateddrinkinggame
MyLifeisaComplicatedDrinkingGame

I’ve been knocked out that way before, it’s insanely easy, and way more practical than suffocating.

A buddy of mine (MMA fighter) was literally demonstrating to our other friend how to do it (without intending to), by putting me in a firm headlock, and he must have squeezed just ever soo slightly, or maybe it was the ten bud lights i’d drank, but he said he felt me go limp, so he let me down gently, and i came-to a few seconds later.

Saw the cellphone video and we’re talking just seconds to go from headlock to out cold, and that was without him trying to, and with him letting go immediately, and I’m much bigger than him.

Just the most ever so brief squeeze with minimal force is all it takes to impede blood supply to your brain via your neck veins is all it takes for your brain to go “Nope. Shut it down.”