Dr. Robert Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, speaks while President Donald Trump watches during the daily briefing of the coronavirus task force at the White House on April 22, 2020.
Dr. Robert Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, speaks while President Donald Trump watches during the daily briefing of the coronavirus task force at the White House on April 22, 2020.
Photo: Drew Angerer (Getty)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is facing a lawsuit over its alleged mishandling of records requests under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). Plaintiffs accuse the agency of “systematically obstruct[ing]” attempts by the public to acquire details about the government’s handling of the novel coronavirus outbreak.

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A watchdog group, American Oversight, announced the lawsuit on Friday, saying it had submitted six FOIA requests seeking documents of “urgent importance” concerning the ongoing pandemic. At least some of those requests were denied on the basis that the group’s descriptions of the documents it sought are “overly broad.”

In a 2014 case cited by the plaintiffs, a federal judge in the D.C. district court expressed skepticism over the notion that a FOIA request could be denied based solely on the sheer number of documents requested. “Indeed, the Act puts no restrictions on the quantity of records that may be sought,” the judge wrote. The law even provides agencies a recourse—additional time—to handle requests involving a “voluminous amount of separate and distinct records.”

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“Thus, FOIA anticipates that requests for records may be so voluminous as to require an agency to carry an unusual workload,” the judge continued. “This Circuit has similarly noted that the number of records requested appears to be irrelevant.”

Oversight said it is seeking communications between the White House and CDC, directives concerning the coronavirus, and other records related to virus testing.

The CDC did not respond to a request for comment.

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“At a time when public disclosures are especially critical, the CDC has systematically obstructed the public’s right to information about the coronavirus pandemic,” said Austin Evers, executive director of American Oversight. “The CDC must abandon the obstacles it has erected against transparency and lean into its responsibility to honest, timely disclosures.”

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Oversight’s lawsuit claims the CDC has exhibited a “pattern and practice” of mishandling the requests. A pattern-and-practice lawsuit seeks to demonstrate that an agency is habitually failing to comply with the transparency law, to the extent that a court order has become necessary to ensure its overall compliance.

Gizmodo previously reported on the growing concerns of U.S. lawmakers over the seemingly unnecessary restrictions federal agencies have dropped on Americans seeking access to public records amid the outbreak.

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A bipartisan group of lawmakers wrote the Justice Department’s Office of Information Policy (OIP) earlier this month, asking if it had issued any guidance to federal agencies regarding the administration of FOIA during the public health crisis. (OIP is responsible for “encouraging agency compliance with the law” and “overseeing agency implementation of it.”)

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Evers, a former senior counsel in the U.S. State Department, noted that while his organization has the legal resources to combat delinquent agencies, the public at large does not.

“That’s why this case matters, and it’s why we’re asking the court to make it clear to the CDC that denying reasonably described FOIA requests is illegal,” he said. “If the court agrees with us, it will help ensure that, especially during times of crisis, FOIA works for the people it’s meant to serve: the American public.”

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Senior Reporter, Privacy & Security

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