I know breast milk is good and all, but when I became a mom I was kinda shocked at how much it was cited as a cure-all for anything that ailed my newborn. It turns out it’s not just because of the nutritional value. My baby’s immune system is communicating with mine THROUGH MY NIPPLES. And now that I understand how it works, I kid you not when I say I am staring down at my boobs in wonderment.
Breast milk is often hyped as some kind of wonder drug by doctors, midwives, mommyblogs, and even real-life parents (including my own). Everyone’s got some breast milk advice. Baby slices up her face with teensy Edward Scissorhands nails? Rub breast milk on the cuts. Baby’s eyes crust over with a greenish glaze? Drop some breast milk under her eyelid. Acne? Wash her face with breast milk. Runny nose? Squirt some breast milk up one nostril. Coughing/chills/fever/headache? Breast milk, breast milk, breast milk. Breast milk!
All along I assumed breast milk was good for those things because of, like, vitamins and stuff. But then I started to hear even crazier shit, like how my milk has been slowly customizing itself to my baby’s needs over the months, recalibrating for her age and even the temperature outside (in hotter weather it adds more water to hydrate your baby more effectively, for example). But I didn’t understand how any of this was possible until I read this story by Angela Garbes in The Stranger.
Garbes talks to Katie Hinde, an evolutionary biologist behind the blog Mammals Suck... Milk, who explains the incredible exchange of data that occurs between a boob and a baby:
According to Hinde, when a baby suckles at its mother’s breast, a vacuum is created. Within that vacuum, the infant’s saliva is sucked back into the mother’s nipple, where receptors in her mammary gland read its signals. This “baby spit backwash,” as she delightfully describes it, contains information about the baby’s immune status. Everything scientists know about physiology indicates that baby spit backwash is one of the ways that breast milk adjusts its immunological composition. If the mammary gland receptors detect the presence of pathogens, they compel the mother’s body to produce antibodies to fight it, and those antibodies travel through breast milk back into the baby’s body, where they target the infection.
VACUUM BACKWASH FEEDBACK LOOP!
As you might guess, for this and many other reasons, breast milk is of great interest to scientists in areas from microbiology to food chemistry. And researchers are only really beginning to understand how breast milk works. The entire story is a fascinating read that has got me thinking pretty much all the time about how moms have computers in their boobs. I’m very glad that I finally understand the science behind my mammary glands, and I now live in amazement at how these two baby spit data collectors I carry around actually work.
Photo by Zdenek Fiamoli