23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

For most of us, lighthouses are synonymous with trips to the shore. But for seafarers, lighthouses have represented a vital symbol of safe passage for centuries. In fact, they go back to 280 BC, when the famed Lighthouse of Alexandria was built—though lighthouses of the ancient world looked more like battlements than the candy-striped variety we know today.

The construction of lighthouses exploded during Age of Discovery, when nations sought out stakes in the New World. In the 18th century, with the invention of the Fresnel lens—which made it possible to see lighthouse lights from many miles away—the modern lighthouse was born. Today, with the advent of GPS, many of these beauties are more tourist attraction than lifeline to the shore—but many of them are still in use. Check out 23 highlights, below.

Madang lighthouse, in Papua New Guinea, was built in 1959 as a memorial to the coast-watchers during World War II.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Kahunapule Michael Johnson


Cabo Branco Lighthouse in João Pessoa, Brazil, sits at the easternmost inland point of the Americas.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Federico Builes/Carlos Reis


Enoshima lighthouse, Japan, was renovated in 2003 to include the snazzy lights and observation decks you see here.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Ken_ichi Kaizuka/Daisuke FUJII


Low Lighthouse, in Burnham-On-Sea, U.K, is one of the smallest lighthouses in the world. It was built in 1832 and is still in use.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Michael Warren


Kiz Kulezi, in Istanbul, is also known as the Maiden Tower.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Ibrahim Usta/AP


Cape Hatteras lighthouse, the most recognized U.S. coastal symbol, stands proudly on the Outer Banks of North Carolina—despite being battered by numerous hurricanes. More than a million bricks were used to build it, and it's still the tallest lighthouse in America.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Ruth Fremson/AP


Sullivan's Island lighthouse is a more modern lighthouse—it lights the way using a lamp capable of producing a massive 28,000,000 candlepower. Compared to other lighthouses, it's futuristic—the facilities inside including air-conditioning and an elevator.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: scpetrel


Moncloa Lighthouse, aka Faro de la Moncloa, in Madrid, is a 330-foot-high transmission tower with an observation deck. It was designed by the architect Salvador Pérez Arroyo and built in 1992.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Miguel Palacios/Cover/Getty Images


The stark Knarrarós lighthouse was built in 1938—and remarkably, it is the tallest building in southern Iceland (at a towering 86 feet!).

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Seli Oskarsson


Kanchanaphisek lighthouse, on Promthep Cape, Thailand. One of the world's newest lighthouses is this strange-looking, gold-topped specimen in Thailand. It was built in 1996 to honor the reign of king Bhumibol Adulyadej.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: ADwarf/Wikimedia Commons


The Sand Island lighthouse has stood off Alabama's coast since the 1870s. The tower outlasted its namesake island, which washed away years ago. The 131-foot-tall tower is abandoned, cracked and crumbling, but the state of Alabama can't afford to renovate.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Dave Martin/AP


Gorliz, Spain, Basque Country.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Keldor88


Middle Bay lighthouse is a hexagonal-shaped lighthouse offshore of Mobile, Alabama, in the center of Mobile Bay. Built in 1885, the middle bay lighthouse is an example of a "screw pile" lighthouse, which are sitting on piles screwed into sea or river beds.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Carol M. Highsmith/Library Of Congress


Stanislav Range Rear (Adzhiogol) Lighthouse is a vertical lattice hyperboloid structure, serving as an active lighthouse about 19 miles from Kherson, Ukraine. At a height of 211 feet, it is the tallest lighthouse in Ukraine.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Remembering Letters


Torre de Hércules, or the Tower of Hercules, is an ancient Roman lighthouse on a peninsula near A Coruña, Galicia, in north-western Spain. The lighthouse is almost 1900 years old—it's the oldest Roman lighthouse in use today and one of the three oldest operational lighthouses in the world.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Alfonso Maseda


Lighthouse at the End of the World, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse (the French name "Les Éclaireurs" means "the Enlighteners" or "the Scouts") is a slightly conically shaped lighthouse standing on the Les Eclaireurs islets, in southern Argentina. Today probably the most photographed lighthouse in South America.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Mariana Silvia Eliano/Cover/Getty Images


Cape Otway lighthouse, first lit in 1848, is the oldest lighthouse in Australia. These days, you can rent out the space for vacation. Eight ships were wrecked along the coast of Cape Otway, including the first American vessel sunk during World War II.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Shiny Things


The historic Windward Point Lighthouse that is located within the grounds of the U.S. Naval Station at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Made of iron, built in 1903.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Mandel Ngan-Pool/Getty Images


The lighthouse of Blankenese, Hamburg, Germany.
The remotely controlled, 150 feet tall, red and white striped concrete steel lantern house was built in 1984 and stands in the Elbe River.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Stuart Franklin/Getty Images


Huge waves crash aganst the South Gare lighthouse on March 24, 2013 in South Gare, Teesside, England. The lighthouse was built in 1884 and still operates using the original lenses.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Ian Forsyth/Getty Images


The stricken cruise ship Costa Concordia lies grounded a short distance beyond one of the two lighthouses on the coastline at Giglio Porto on January 19, 2012 on the island of Giglio in Italy.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Tullio M. Puglia/Getty Images


This lighthouse in Dungeness, Kent, England was built in 1961, in a desolate landscape of wooden houses, a nuclear power station, and several lighthouses.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images


The Lanterna, the ancient and famous lighthouse of Genoa, Italy. Genoa has the largest seaport in Italy, which makes its lighthouse incredibly important. It's 249 feet tall, which makes it the world's second tallest "traditional" lighthouse.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Vittorio Zunino Celotto/Getty Images


An arial view of the South Solitary Lighthouse on South Solitary Island, in Australia. The now-uninhabited island is only open to the public for nine days in July. And besides a few nights during the Second World War, its light has never gone out.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Lisa Maree Williams/Getty Images


Kõpu lighthouse (Estonian: Kõpu tuletorn) is one of the best known symbols and tourist sights on the Estonian island of Hiiumaa. It is one of the three oldest still-operational lighthouses in the world, having been in continuous use since its completion in 1531!

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Ilme Parik/Geonarva/Wikimedia Commons


An arctic lighthouse in Hraunhafnartangaviti, Iceland.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: floheinstein


Arctowski lighthouse at Arctowski Station is the southernmost lighthouse of the world. The base established in 1977.

23 Lighthouses That Span a Millennium of Sea TravelS

Photo: Acaro/Wikimedia Commons


Top photo: Rattray head lighthouse on the north east coast of Scotland, by Grant Glendinning. Images curated by Attila Nagy.