Blasting the Brain with Ultrasound Enhances Sensory Abilities

Illustration for article titled Blasting the Brain with Ultrasound Enhances Sensory Abilities

In an experiment straight out of a comic book, Virginia Tech scientists have found a way to improve sensory abilities. All it takes is a detailed map of the brain, an ultrasound gun, and a willing patient. What could go wrong?

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The experiment was simple enough. The Virginia Tech team directed ultrasound waves at a particular part of the cerebral cortex and then tested subjects' sensory abilities with two tests: one that asked them to distinguish between two different pin pricks and another to determine the difference between puffs of air. Much to their surprise, the ultrasound improved the subjects' performance at both tests. When the ultrasound waves targeted the brain at a slightly different location, the improvement disappeared.

Professor William "Jamie" Tyler, who led the study, explains:

It seems paradoxical, but we suspect that the particular ultrasound waveform we used in the study alters the balance of synaptic inhibition and excitation between neighboring neurons within the cerebral cortex. We believe focused ultrasound changed the balance of ongoing excitation and inhibition processing sensory stimuli in the brain region targeted and that this shift prevented the spatial spread of excitation in response to stimuli resulting in a functional improvement in perception.

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The only other studies that have produced similar results required the use of electric shocks administered directly toward the brain, which is less than ideal. That makes ultrasound wave treatment seem like a day at the spa—which is not a bad idea come to think of it. Now we just need to perfect ultrasound-based telepathy and we'll really be on the way to being superheroes. [Virginia Tech]

Image via Shutterstock / Sebastian Kaulitzki

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DISCUSSION

donniedarko2001
donniedarko2001

It's only a matter of time before someone does a Kickstarter for a home version like was done a while back for an equally useless home version Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation device. While the effects of each can be demonstrated in the lab. People selling devices like for home use tend to leave out that the effects rely heavily on stimulating the correct part of the brain and in the case of tDCS also the strength and direction of the electrical current. Also in the case of tDCS you could enhance or retard brain function temporarily depending on the direction of the current. Whoops!

Dr. Gizmo's miraculous brain stimulator. Don't look for it at a store near you.