These artworks were made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797-1861), one of the last great Japanese masters of the ukiyo-e style were really a novelty of its age. Kuniyoshi started to use cats instead of humans in satirical kabuki prints in the early 1840s.
Three cats at an indoor party, playing a game of ken, 1841
"Six Immortal Poets" or "Six Cats with Fur of Different Colors" (the title is a pun, so both are correct), 1843-1846
The view of Yoshiwara, 1846
via Living Lets